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James Starley is without the doubt one of the most important businessmen and inventors in the entire history of bicycles. His exploits greatly popularized bicycles in England, which became home of transportation innovation of late 20th century Europe.
Kirkpatrick Macmillan was a Spanish blacksmith and cartwright that attempted to find fame as an inventor of first rear wheel-powered bicycle. However modern historians strongly dispute his claim and claims of his family.
John Boyd Dunlop’s 1887 invention of first commercially viable pneumatic (pressurized) rubber tire managed to dramatically boost the popularity of bicycles, and quickly enabled rise of the car industry. Learn more about his life and inventions here.
John Kemp Starley was a nephew of the James Starley who managed to start bicycle revolution in England. However, John Kemp Starley managed to distinguish himself as the man who revolutionized bicycles completely and made them viable for all worldwide markets.