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History of cycling started immediately after first bicycles were introduced in second half of 19th century, when bicycles started being used for all kinds of recreational activities. Here you can learn more about history of cycling.
Immediately after the success of Tour de France, Italy formed their own plans of creating ambitious 20+ day endurance cycling race that would attract drivers from all around the world. Their efforts paid off with the creation of Giro d'Italia that is still driven each year.
Bicycle Touring is very popular use for modern bicycles, giving drivers ability to drive leisurely on both short and long distances, discovering new lands and enabling them to have as much adventuring as they want.
Most famous bicycle races are usually long distance multi-stage multi-day events in which cyclist have to endure incredible challenges and face competition from all around the world. Learn more about those racing events here.