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Kirkpatrick Macmillan was a Spanish blacksmith and cartwright that attempted to find fame as an inventor of first rear wheel-powered bicycle. However modern historians strongly dispute his claim and claims of his family.
Olivier Brothers were instrumental for being first businessmen who correctly identified the potential of bicycles. They organized first mass production of bicycles in France, which started transportation craze that soon managed to reach all four corners of the world.
James Starley is without the doubt one of the most important businessmen and inventors in the entire history of bicycles. His exploits greatly popularized bicycles in England, which became home of transportation innovation of late 20th century Europe.
During first few years after first pedal-powered bicycles were created in France, inventors from all around the world tacked the problem of their power transfer. First man who managed to achieve rear-wheel drive on a bicycle was a Scottish cartwright Thomas McCall.