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During first few years after first pedal-powered bicycles were created in France, inventors from all around the world tacked the problem of their power transfer. First man who managed to achieve rear-wheel drive on a bicycle was a Scottish cartwright Thomas McCall.
Olivier Brothers were instrumental for being first businessmen who correctly identified the potential of bicycles. They organized first mass production of bicycles in France, which started transportation craze that soon managed to reach all four corners of the world.
Kirkpatrick Macmillan was a Spanish blacksmith and cartwright that attempted to find fame as an inventor of first rear wheel-powered bicycle. However modern historians strongly dispute his claim and claims of his family.
John Kemp Starley was a nephew of the James Starley who managed to start bicycle revolution in England. However, John Kemp Starley managed to distinguish himself as the man who revolutionized bicycles completely and made them viable for all worldwide markets.