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During first few years after first pedal-powered bicycles were created in France, inventors from all around the world tacked the problem of their power transfer. First man who managed to achieve rear-wheel drive on a bicycle was a Scottish cartwright Thomas McCall.
James Starley is without the doubt one of the most important businessmen and inventors in the entire history of bicycles. His exploits greatly popularized bicycles in England, which became home of transportation innovation of late 20th century Europe.
Pierre Lallement is an influential French inventor who managed to revolutionize the history of bicycles by being the first man who attacked pedals to the simple two-wheeled velocipede design. This discovery enabled creation of first modern bicycles.
John Boyd Dunlop’s 1887 invention of first commercially viable pneumatic (pressurized) rubber tire managed to dramatically boost the popularity of bicycles, and quickly enabled rise of the car industry. Learn more about his life and inventions here.